Remembering the 1937 Texas School Explosion
For Immediate Release, March 12, 2008
Every year, to mark the anniversary of the March 18, 1937 Texas School Explosion, Healthy Kids salutes Healthy Schools Heroes who demonstrate extraordinary responsibility and inspirational leadership to protect children and teachers from chemical hazards in schools.
The Healthy Schools Hero Award is an annual opportunity to remember the worst school disaster in American history as a case study and cautionary tale. It can inspire us to break the silence about school hazards and to prioritize the values and technical skills we need to live safely with 21st century chemicals and technology. It prompts us to take action to save lives in today's schools where explosives and other hazardous materials in labs, closets and storerooms are routinely ignored.
The Healthy Schools Hero Award 2008 goes to a TEAM of five people who demonstrate how state and federal agencies can take leadership for school safety.
* Matthew Langenfeld, US EPA, Region 8, School Chemical Cleanout Coordinator
* Allyson Kelley, Rocky Mountain College American Indian Affairs, Project Director
* Brian Spangler, Montana Department of Environmental Quality
* Bonnie Rouse , Montana Department of Environmental Quality
* Bruce Hayes, Wyoming Department of Education
They are heroes for their collective sense of responsibility, inspirational leadership, and exemplary persistence and courage that has protected thousands of children from laboratory chemicals and other hazards and unhealthy school conditions." wrote Randy Brown, of the US EPA, Region 8 (8P-TA), Tribal Assistance Program, Denver, CO.
Brown's nomination detailed the extraordinary amounts and types of explosives and other chemical hazards the team cleared out of tribal and rural schools.
Brown also wrote,
I have observed the collective efforts of a collaborative team of professionals dedicated to making tribal and rural schools safer from chemical and explosive hazards for school children, teachers, and administrators throughout Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, and Colorado.
Together this team has accomplished tasks that would have been impossible for an individual to accomplish. This work has been ongoing for the last few years...
This team has used a very practical process and cost saving measures to reduce risk to chemical exposure. The team has worked tirelessly to improve chemical safety school conditions for children...
Members of the team are working with the US EPA Office of Solid Waste to produce a video of school chemical cleanout activities at Wyoming Indian School in Ethete, Wyoming on the Wind River Indian Reservation. The video will be used to demonstrate how industry can help and how any activity by school administrators can be helpful to make schools safer for school children.
Voices of History
In 1937, in the small oil-rich town of New London, Texas, a series of decisions to cut costs in the new junior-senior high school's heating system led to a gas leak in the unvented basement that led to an explosion that destroyed the modern, steel-framed school building. At least 319 people died, mostly children.
Surprisingly, no one was held responsible because the Court of Inquiry concluded that "school officials were just average individuals, ignorant or indifferent to the need for precautionary measures, where they cannot, in their lack of knowledge visualize a danger or a hazard." (Court of Inquiry, 1937)
The disaster resulted in a law requiring that a warning odor be added to natural gas, thus saving millions of lives all over the world. Texas created the Texas Engineering Practice Act to set professional standards for public buildings to "safeguard life, health, and property and protect the public welfare."
However, the Court's other important safety recommendations have yet to be implemented in most 21st century schools. The Court recommended that schools need: 1) technically trained administrators for modern school systems, 2) rigid inspections and more widespread public education about avoiding and managing hazards, and 3) a comprehensive, rational safety code.
Today, there is an extensive website of primary source materials and a museum dedicated to remembering the "lost generation," to documenting the story of their beloved community, the explosion and its aftermath, and to preserving its legacy for future generations. London Museum and Tea Room, New London, Texas 75682. (903) 895-4602 or (903) 561-7256
"Lessons of the 1937 Texas School Explosion" is a blog dedicated to making March 18 a national day to remember the 1937 Texas School Explosion, to learning its lessons, and to celebrate the "heroes" who take responsibility for school safety today. The blog includes resources, references, and suggested activities and projects for classrooms and community observances to help move "safety" from the margins to the core of school culture and curriculum. Find activities for science, art and vocational education, occupational health and safety, community service, health education and injury prevention, environmental education, civic education, school security, and emergency preparedness, as well as school maintenance and operations.
For more information contact Ellie Goldberg, M.Ed. at firstname.lastname@example.org or go to www.healthy-kid.info. Find the article "Strengthening the School's Response to Explosives" in the RESOURCES section.
Countdown to Healthy Schools Day 2008. Find Healthy School Day activities and partners at National Healthy Schools Day
To learn more, click on the names of these inspiring 2008 nominees:
Barbara Lee Foster, Nominated by Erik A Talley, Chair, Division of Chemical Health and Safety, American Chemical Society, New York. Barbara Lee Foster is known for her commitment and pursuit of excellence in safety. Barbara L. Foster is a Certified Chemical Hygiene Officer. At West Virginia University, Morgantown, she is the Department of Chemistry Safety Director and Eberly College of Arts and Sciences Safety Program Coordinator.
Dr. Jack Gerlovich, Nominated by Dennis McElroy, PhD, Asst. Professor of Education, Graceland University School of Education. Dr. Jack Gerlovich, Nelle Levvitt Professor of Education, Drake University School of Education, Des Moines, Iowa; Founded JaKel, Inc. in 1986, an Iowa registered corporation specializing in science education safety products and services for elementary, middle, junior high, high school, community college, and teacher preparation colleges.
Dwight Peavey, PhD Nominated by Rick Reibstein of the Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Office of Technical Assistance and Technology. Dr. Peavey is a Senior Scientist at US EPA Region I. He is the regional expert on toxic chemicals and their environmental fate and adverse effects on the environment and human health. In the last five years, he has brought an "integrated chemical management program" to several Massachusetts schools systems. He has saved them thousands of dollars in hazardous chemical removal, reduced chemical exposure to teachers, staff and students, minimized liability, and created integrated real time "pharmacy-like" chemical management.
Past Healthy Kids Healthy Schools Heroes:
2007 Hero Diane Ethier, Pomfret Center, Connecticut.
2006 Heroes Westborough (MA) School Committee member Bruce Tretter and parent Kathy King.
2005 Heroes Dr. James Kaufman, Laboratory Safety Institute; Christopher Erzinger, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment; and Monona Rossol, Arts, Crafts and Theatre Safety.
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